Whether you’re new to fishing or you’re an experienced fly fisher, one thing is sure: You want your fly box stocked up on the best trout flies for fly fishing!
Here you’ll find our guide to the best flies for fly fishing for trout that are on the market now. It can seem overwhelming narrowing down the choice of all the flies for sale in the fly fish shops, but if you have a few of these awesome flies in your box, you’ll be set to go!
Don’t forget that you can also modify your flies slightly, by changing their color or choosing a different size depending on the local forage where you’re fishing.
If you’re just getting started The Fly Crate can provide you with expertly selected flies for your region every month. We made a deal just for readers of Fly Fisher Pro. If you click the link here then enter DOUBLETHEFLIES at checkout you’ll get our special deal and double flies on your first order. To see what a box looks like see our review here.
How to Choose the Right Fly
Some flies aim to closely resemble the natural forage that the trout are feeding on. At times, trout can be very selective feeders who will feast on just one type of insect, so it’s important to know what is hatching when.
A top tip is to take a close look on and around the water and pick up some stones along the river or lake bank, to discover what the most common local bugs are. Once you know this, try to replicate the look of these insects to trick the fish into mistaking your fly for one.
Other flies are just simply attractor flies – they look flashy and eye-catching to grab the attention of the fish and tempt them to eat. These can work well if you’re not sure what the trout are eating.
You’ll find that some flies work better than others depending on your location, the time of year, or even the water temperature or conditions.
However, the following flies all come highly recommended by pro fly fishermen and women as being versatile, effective, and sure to hook you that trout! Grab a few of these and you’ll be ready for your best fishing trip yet!
Types of Flies
Most of the must-have flies for spring fly fishing work great at all times of the year. They have excellent patterns that cover various hatches. Keep reading to learn about some of the must have flies that can help you get the big ones when you’re fishing during spring. We provide you with information about mayfly patterns, stonefly nymph patterns, and the best wet flies for trout.
Streamer flies are a very useful way of fishing year-round. The flies are big and they imitate crayfish, baitfish, and hellgrammites. They make it possible for a fisherman to cover a large surface of the water while fishing.
They are an excellent choice if you are unsure of what the fish are eating. Streamers are, therefore, convenient if you are fishing in unfamiliar waters. They make it possible to reduce boredom as you need to move the fly a lot. There are a few streamer flies that you need to have if you are looking to catch some of the bigger boys and want to catch fish consistently when you are out at your favorite lake.
Even though getting out there to fish is nice enough, it’s even better to actually catch some fish. Streamer flies increase your chances of catching some nice trout without a lot of struggle. Fly fishing during early spring can be a bit challenging but streamers make it a lot easier.
Picking the right streamer flies is key to your success in snatching some river monsters. We are going to show you some of the leading streamer flies that will help improve your fishing.
As you probably know if you’ve ever cast a line, stoneflies make up a big part of the trout’s diet in because trout find them absolutely delicious. They are also popular because they are very easy to find and you can find them in almost all parts of the world.
They are available at any times of the year – talk about a versatile fly! You can use them for early spring fly fishing as they hatch in early spring and the trout are familiar with the pattern. Some of the stonefly nymphs could be bigger than five cm. The adult stonefly has two pairs of long wings with membranes.
The wings are folded at the back and they are sometimes known as flatwings because of their distinct appearance. Even though they have long wings, stoneflies are not very good at flying. To recognize a stonefly, remember that they have long antennae and two little tails.
Stonefly nymph patterns may be helpful when everything else fails. Once you find the right pattern for your local fish, you can get some really big ones. There are thousands of stonefly varieties all over the world.
They dwell in clean environments so you may not find them where the quality of water is low. All of them have a fairly uniform appearance even though the colors and size may vary. Some of the most common stonefly species include; salmonfly, skwala, yellow sally, and large golden stone.
Caddis fly patterns are made to imitate the different life stages of the caddis. It is one of the most basic sources of food for trout. This makes it a top choice for most anglers. You can find caddis patterns in almost all waterways including still waters and streams. Trout mostly feed on caddis in the stages of larva or pupa. This, however, does not mean trout don’t feed on the adult caddis. They sometimes even rise to the top for the adult caddis.
Once the caddis hatches from the egg, it gets to the larval stage. The caddis larva can be found at the bottom, usually in a hard shell casing. The larva is popularly known as the horn-cased caddis. The caddis will come from the bottom to the surface of the water when it gets to the pupa stage. It will only return to the bottom to lay eggs. The eggs go to the bottom of the river and the cycle continues.
In the larval stage, there are patterns such as the Green Caddis Larvae, Tungsten Brown Caddis, and Green Caddis Nymph. Patterns in the adult stage include the Dry Caddis and Goddard’s Caddis.
If you are one of the many anglers that are intimidated by fly fishing midges, you may be missing out. Midge fishing gives you the opportunity to enhance your fishing experience in still water, spring creeks, and tailwaters as they make up about half of the trout’s food in some watersheds.
Midges are great at all times of the year. Most species can go through a complete life cycle in only a few weeks. This sets them apart from other flies. Some of the most common midges are chironomids. Even though they are smaller than other aquatic insects, midges can have a huge population. They are a great food option for trout throughout the year.
Understanding the life cycle of midges can make midge fishing a much simpler experience. You must be able to find the right flies to mimic their different life cycles. Midges come in thousands of species but that does not mean that things have to be complicated.
Pick any midge that works for you. You do not need to know every one of them. You may use colour formula, shape, and size to narrow down your options. It is difficult to go wrong.
Best Streamer Flies
If you’re not sure what to stock your fly box with, worry no longer! We’ve got you covered with the best trout flies that experienced fly anglers recommend.
Whether you’re aiming to catch rainbows, cutthroats or big brown trout, this carefully selected assortment of dry flies, nymphs, and streamers will set you off to a good start:
If you could only have one fly in your fly box for trout fly fishing, we’d recommend the Woolly Bugger. Grab a few in a range of different sizes and colors and you’ll be set for every situation. It would be a mistake to set off without one!
You can fish a Woolly Bugger in the strike zone or near the surface – either way, you’re bound to get excellent results. The Woolly Bugger manages to perfectly imitate larger trout forage, convincingly creating a lifelike presentation that will be sure to fool the hungry trout.
It’s definitely one of the top trout flies around, so make sure you pack a few in your fly box.
Many experienced anglers just love how bunny fur moves in the water – it’s second to none in drawing the trout over. It’s flashy, it’s bright, and the fish go crazy for it.
And that’s why the Bunny Leech ranks among the top flies for trout fishing. If you want to get more out of your fishing trip, don’t forget to include a Bunny Leech when you’re packing.
When it comes to freshwater fishing, crayfish might not be the first fly that springs to mind. But think again – crayfish can be found in trout waters all over the US, and the trout love them. So don’t underestimate the crayfish fly, as it’s definitely one of the top trout flies.
If nothing’s working for you, or you just feel like shaking things up a bit, grab your rod, tie on your crayfish, and have a go at stripping it along the streambed. You’ll be impressed with how quickly it will get the trout striking – it’s just too tempting a bite to miss!
Olive Freshwater Clouser
The Olive Freshwater Streamer is a great streamer to hand at all times. It closely resembles the baitfish that larger trout prefer to eat – we recommend you use sizes 6 and 8!
The dark olive can look almost black at times, perfect when you have a streambed with lots of darker aquatic plants and you don’t want to use a lighter fly that will stick out like a sore thumb.
The Muddler Minnow gives the Clouser a run for its money when it comes to fishing trout on the fly. You don’t have to be selective about where to use the Muddler – it will bring you results in streams, lakes, and rivers all across the US.
Our top tip: fish it as if it was a grasshopper or a sculpin, and see how the trout react.
Clouser Deep Minnow
This white and chartreuse beauty works wonders on trout if you strip it through the water.
It behaves just like a smaller jig would in the water, which catches the trout’s eyes and leads to many a catch. You can try this in any size from 2/0 to 10.
The bunnybuster is one of the best spring trout flies. It is one of the best streamer patterns as it offers you more versatility than other flies. This makes them one of the most popular trout streamer flies. The front is heavily weighted to attract fish with its jiggly action. It comes in the colors olive, brown, tan, and orange and the sizes #2-#12.
Best Nymph Patterns
If you’re looking for a nymph fly that has the weight to get it down to where the fish are lurking on the bottom, choose a Tungsten Missile.
Something about the bead, the color, and the overall look of this nymph makes it highly effective, especially in conditions where the water is deep and fast-flowing.
Hot Bead Euro Pheasant
This amazing attractor fly will be sure to get the fish chasing and biting! Although it’s not a close imitation of any particular bug, it still gets great results.
We recommend fishing the Hot Bead Euro Pheasant in the middle or bottom of the water column on your nymphing rig set-up, aided by some split shot. Try sizes 12-22 for the best results.
Sometimes, you’ll find that the trout are selectively eating only very small larvae or pupae. Don’t forget that natural flies are generally much smaller than the ones we tend to favor. On days like this, choose a Zebra Midge in sizes 16-22, and your chances may go up.
The Zebra Midge imitates not only midge larvae, but also caddis pupae and mayfly larvae too, so it’s a good workhorse nymph to have in your box. The black creates a high contrast with the wire wrap – a combination that is guaranteed to catch the attention of the fish.
San Juan Worm
Don’t overlook the humble worm fly. Even though the world of fishing has come a long way with new flies being developed all the time, you can still do a lot of damage with a San Juan worm.
Worms are particularly popular when run off starts, as they offer a rich meal full of protein for the fish. Some fishermen suggest that worms work especially well when the water is dirty or off-color.
Don’t pay any attention to what purists say against worms. They are just as authentic as any other dry or wet fly, imitating the natural forage of the trout in the form of aquatic worms.
If you tie your own flies, the San Juan Worm is so easy to get started with. Try your worm under a midge or an emerger on your nymph rig and you’ll be certain to get some bites.
Brown Sexy Stone
This one may look a bit unusual, but it nicely imitates small crayfish specimens and large mayfly nymphs – some of the trout’s favorite foods. You can use the Brown Sexy Stone in almost any trout water.
Gold Ribbed Hares Ear
The Gold Ribbed Hares Ear is a classic that still deserves a spot in your fly box. This fly stands out due to its eye-catching, golden design, and the fact that it is so versatile.
Pack a few different sizes into your fly box and you will be able to imitate everything from scuds to stoneflies, mayflies to nymphs. It appeals to trout in all different locations and is one that I’ve come to depend upon.
Hook this one up and dead-drift it, and you’ll be pleased you tried! Versatile and effective, this prince nymph fly has been responsible for catching a huge number of trout and deserves a spot in your fly box.
This success might be down to its highly contrasting colors (copied from many natural aquatic insects) making it hard to miss in the water, or it might be something else entirely. All we know for sure is that it works – so we love it!
If you’re not having any luck by matching the hatch and imitating the natural insects as closely as possible, it’s time to try another tactic. Switch over to this gaudy attractor pattern and see if that won’t get the trout’s attention!
Lance Egan created this nifty fly and has used it successfully all over the world.
Bead Head Pheasant Tail
The bead head pheasant tail should be a staple in any fly box. Even though it doesn’t look like your typical fly, it’s a fish magnet since it has some tasty features that make fish go wild with desire. That’s why it’s one of our recommended trout flies for spring. It works best in the sizes #12-#22 and the colors olive, orange, and brown.
Beadhead Rubberleg Hares Ear
The beadhead rubberleg hares ear is one of the most popular fly fishing patterns for spring. Its rubber legs which facilitate extra movement make it one of the most popular trout fishing flies. Its appearance can fool most trout. It comes in the colours black, olive, and brown in the sizes #10-#16.
The caddis pupa in the sizes #12-#16 is available in the colors orange, tan, and olive. It has a natural look and it is fairly easy to tie. The fly looks like a delicacy to fish. It is a beautiful mix of soft fiber, a body that is almost transparent, and natural hare’s ear.
Best Dry Fly Patterns (and Terrestrials)
Ask any fly fishermen, and he’s bound to tell you that the Parachute Adams is among his top trout flies, without a doubt. This fly makes the trout simply go mad. You can use it to imitate caddisflies, mayflies, and even midges if you use smaller sizes.
It’s a great all-round dry fly that will work wonders on almost every trout river. Try to modify your fly to match what’s hatching where you are – copy it as closely as possible in color and size for the best success.
Elk Hair Caddis
The Elk Hair Caddis is one of the top fishing flies for trout. It’s a versatile fly that imitates the caddisfly in an uncanny way. It attracts the trout’s attention due to its high visibility, and you can experiment with it at different depths in the water column.
You’ll get just as good results with the Elk Hair Caddis floating on the surface as if you choose to dead-drift it. At dusk in particular, you can fish it as a dry fly to imitate the caddisfly when it comes to lay its eggs – the trout are easily fooled by the Elk Hair Caddis.
Another way to present the Elk Hair Caddis is by twitching it and dead-drifting it, so it resembles a caddis emerger attempting to take off from the water.
It might look a little different from our other recommendations today, but we believe you can’t go wrong with a foam Chernobyl Ant in your fly selection. You might think it’s too basic, but it’s simple and it’s effective, making it one of the top fishing flies for trout.
You can hook up a Chernobyl Ant on your fly rod anywhere from a big river out West to a smaller mountain stream, and you’ll be sure to catch something in no time. To you and me, it looks ugly as anything, but the fish just can’t seem to resist!
BWO Sparkle Dun
The BWO Sparkle Dun is a close imitation of the olive-colored mayflies that can be found almost anywhere. Hatching throughout the year, from late in the winter all the way through to late fall, few Sparkle Duns are excellent additions to any trout fishing fly box.
You can also try using the PMD Sparkle Dun if you see cream-colored mayfly hatching (most often during spring and summer).
The Griffith’s Gnat is another trusty dry fly for catching trout. It imitates a terrestrial insect like a small beetle. I’ve had good results using the Griffith’s Gnat during midge, mayfly, and caddisfly hatches.
A great tip is that if you’re not sure exactly what the trout are eating, give this one a whirl and see if you get any bites.
Super Pupa Olive
Caddis are generally a good bet if you’re not sure what the fish are feeding on. Maybe you’re in a new fishing spot, or you’re just not sure what’s hatching right now.
Caddis are found in most trout waters, and the Super Pupa fly is a pretty close imitation for the caddisfly both in its larvae and pupa stage. It might not look like anything special, but this nymph creates a natural and convincing presentation, moving in a lifelike way that the trout won’t miss.
Get All The Best Trout Flies
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They will send it directly to your mailbox along with a bunch of other goodies! Check out their lifestyle plan which we managed to get a 20% discount off for you. Use the code FLYFISHER20 at checkout and use the link here.
They commit a portion of all sales to aid disabled vetrans too!
The Wrap Up
Hopefully, this article on the best fly fishing flies for trout will make choosing your trout flies much easier for you. Whether you’re traveling out of town and hitting some major trout fly fishing spots or you’re just fishing in your local trout pond or river, these suggestions should make sure you have the best fishing experience possible.
With our recommendations for the top dry flies, streamers, and nymphs, you should be all set to hook some whoppers and come home with an impressive catch. We want to know what your ultimate fly for trout fishing is – tell us in below in the comments section!